This group of people are often characterize by reduced physical activity resulting in decline of energy expenditure. This implies that the quantity of energy food for the Aged needs to be slightly decreased.
The need for proteins, vitamins, minerals, remains unchanged. In some cases, there might be need for an increase as tissue break down increases in old age. When an old man spends most of his time indoors there could be shortage of Vitamin D. In such a situation, it may be necessary to give supplementary Vitamin D. An Aged man who has problem with his digestive and absorption process may require dietary advice. Dental problems may prevent old people from taking adequate diets. Cooking methods which aids digestions may be adopted in preparing meals for the aged. Foods that do not digest easily such as oily or fried foods should be avoided.
A good supply of green vegetables and fruits, is necessary to meet the need for folic acid, other vitamins and roughage. Aged people also require plenty of liquid in the form of water and milk. The aged need to remain as active as possible. This helps to stimulate digestion as well as strengthen bones and muscles.
- SUGGESTED MENU FOR AGED/ELDERLY
Moi-Moi/ Corn/ Millet pap with milk
Fish stew with sauté vegetables
Sliced water melon
Fresh fish/ palm kernel vegetable soup with starch